Externalisation of the European Migration Regime: Perspectives on Impact and Resistance

Saturday, September 11th, 18.00-19.30, Park Platz

Panel – Sudan Uprising Germany, Alarmphone Sahara, Afrique-Europe-Interact and Medico International, Moderation: Jana Häberlin

Europe is outsourcing its borders. Through ever closer cooperation with different actors in so-called transit countries and countries of origin, migration is increasingly controlled already outside the Schengen area along the interests of European states. With economic incentives and political pressure, they enforce their agenda and create a neocolonial border regime that reaches far beyond Europe. Thus, while local power holders are strengthened and local realities are massively influenced, migration realities are increasingly pushed into invisibility. Four people from different regions and projects will report on the different faces of externalization. What interests are being pursued? How does the politics of externalization manifest itself? What effects does it have on migrants and the local population? How can resistance, solidarity and autonomy of migration look like? These questions will be discussed against the backdrop of examples such as the visa regime in the context of Tunisia, the European financing of the Janjaweed militia involved in the genocide in Darfur, and the criminalization of migration that was enforced in Niger under considerable pressure from the EU.

Sudan Uprising Germany: SudanUprising Germany is a collective and political platform that was founded by Sudanese and Sudanese-German activists in Germany at the beginning of the Sudanese revolution of 2018-2019. An anti-colonialist perspective is the heart of their activism, as they realize that so much of the marginalization of groups within their countries, and of the Global South, is a product of the colonial legacy and the colonial domination of Africa and beyond. As such, SudanUprising Germany are always in conversation with other activists from social movements in Berlin, both from Germany and from around the world.

Afrique-Europe-Interact: Afrique-Europe-Interact is a transnational network of grassroots activists, including numerous self-organised refugees, migrants and deportees. The network pursues two goals in particular: On the one hand, to support refugees and migrants in their struggles for freedom of movement and equal rights. On the other hand, a discussion about the right to stay, i.e. the possibility to live a life under safe, dignified and self-determined conditions at home or in the country of origin.

Medico International “Return Watch”: Medico International has been campaigning against the consequences of European externalisation policies for years. In its latest project, “Return Watch”, Medico highlights the consequences of this policy. It focuses on the experiences of returnees from Morocco, Afghanistan, Iraq and Northern Iraq, Nigeria and Mali. They show that so-called “voluntary” return and reintegration support is often not used of one’s own free will, but rather out of necessity and lack of alternative – they are the result of the structural violence of the externalisation regime.
Deutsch: freiwillige-rueckkehr.de; Englisch: return-watch.org; Französisch: return-watch.org/fr

Alarmphone Sahara: Alarme Phone Sahara (APS) is a cooperation project between associations, groups and individuals in the Sahel-Saharan region and Europe. APS both aims at sensitizing migrants to their rights and the danger they might face, organizes rescue for migrants in distress in the desert, but also documents crimes, human rights violations and road harassment and denounces the regional, sub-regional, national and international policies that endanger the lives of migrants and violate the right to freedom of movement. APS is in solidarity and recognizes the right to life, freedom of movement, respect for the physical and moral integrity of the human person and equality between human beings. https://alarmephonesahara.info/en/about/who-is-alarme-phone-sahara

Moderated by Jana Häberlin. Jana is active in various migration policy contexts, including the contact point for Sans-Papiers in Basel. Jana brings practical perspectives on the externalisation of EU migration policy, especially with regard to its outsourcing to the Balkan states. In various university contexts, she teaches on topics including border regimes.